Jardiance (generic name Empagliflozin) is a prescription medication available in the form of tablets. It belongs to a class of drugs known as sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. Jardiance works by reducing the reabsorption of glucose by the kidneys, thereby increasing the excretion of glucose in the urine. This helps lower blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Jardiance is primarily used to manage and control blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. It is typically prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that includes diet and exercise. This medication is not intended for use in individuals with type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.
The dosage of Jardiance may vary depending on individual patient needs and medical conditions. It is essential to follow the prescribed dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider. Typically, Jardiance is taken orally once daily, with or without food.
Jardiance should not be used in the following situations:
Individuals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to empagliflozin or any of the medication’s components.
Patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Jardiance can increase the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Patients should be advised to seek medical attention if they experience symptoms of a UTI, such as frequent urination, burning sensation during urination, or fever.
Dehydration may occur, especially in patients with kidney problems or those taking medications that can cause fluid loss (diuretics). It’s important to stay adequately hydrated while taking Jardiance.
Hypotension (low blood pressure) can occur, particularly in individuals with a history of cardiovascular disease. Monitoring blood pressure is recommended.
Ketoacidosis (a serious condition with elevated levels of acidic ketones) is a rare but severe side effect. Seek medical attention if symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, or unusual fatigue occur.
Jardiance may increase the risk of genital yeast infections in some individuals. Patients should be aware of this risk and seek treatment if they experience symptoms.
Common side effects of Jardiance may include:
Urinary tract infections
Low blood pressure
High levels of potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia)
These are not all possible side effects, and individuals may experience different reactions. Contact a healthcare provider if any unusual or severe side effects occur.
Jardiance may interact with other medications, including diuretics and medications that lower blood pressure. It’s important to inform your healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking.
Store Jardiance at room temperature, away from moisture and light. Keep it out of the reach of children.
Take Jardiance exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
Follow any dietary and exercise recommendations provided by your healthcare team.
Be aware of signs of infection, dehydration, or ketoacidosis, and seek prompt medical attention if they occur.
Inform your healthcare provider of all medications you are taking to check for potential interactions.
Regularly monitor your blood sugar levels as advised by your healthcare provider.
It’s essential to use Jardiance under the guidance of a healthcare professional to ensure safe and effective management of type 2 diabetes.
What is Jardiance, and how does it work?
Jardiance is a prescription medication used to lower blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called SGLT2 inhibitors, which work by reducing the reabsorption of glucose by the kidneys, leading to increased glucose excretion in urine.
What are the indications for Jardiance?
Jardiance is primarily indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It may be prescribed alone or in combination with other diabetes medications or insulin.
How should I take Jardiance?
Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions carefully. Typically, Jardiance is taken orally once a day, with or without food. It’s important to take it exactly as prescribed.
What are the potential side effects of Jardiance?
Common side effects may include urinary tract infections, increased urination, genital yeast infections, and dehydration. Less common but more serious side effects may include low blood pressure, kidney problems, and ketoacidosis. It’s essential to report any unusual or severe side effects to your healthcare provider.
Can Jardiance be used for type 1 diabetes?
Jardiance is not approved for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. It is specifically indicated for type 2 diabetes.
Are there any contraindications or precautions with Jardiance?
Jardiance may not be suitable for everyone. It’s important to inform your healthcare provider about your medical history, especially if you have kidney problems, a history of urinary tract infections, or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Your healthcare provider will determine if Jardiance is safe and appropriate for you.
Can Jardiance cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)?
Jardiance is not typically associated with causing low blood sugar when used alone. However, if you are taking it in combination with other diabetes medications that can lower blood sugar (e.g., insulin or sulfonylureas), you may be at risk of hypoglycemia.
How long does it take for Jardiance to start working?
Jardiance may start to lower blood sugar levels within a few days of starting the medication, but the full effect may take a few weeks to be noticeable.
Can I drink alcohol while taking Jardiance?
It’s generally safe to consume alcohol in moderation while taking Jardiance, but you should consult with your healthcare provider to ensure it’s safe for your specific situation.
Is Jardiance a weight-loss medication?
Jardiance can lead to some weight loss, primarily due to its mechanism of action that causes excess glucose to be excreted in the urine. However, it is not specifically prescribed for weight loss.